Still life with kippers, oysters and smoker's accessories

NK1644

Still life with kippers, oysters and smoker's accessories

Schooten, F. van
first half 17th century
1600 - 1655

oil on panel
35.5
49.5
still life
painting schildering

Findings

This painting was returned to its rightful owner in 2002.
Opmerkingen: 
The painting by Floris van Schooten was owned by Otto Busch from 1930 onwards. In 1942 Busch had almost no money because of anti-Semitic ordinances, and was forced to sell the still life. After the war Busch referred to this incident in a letter as a sale 'under Kollektiv-drohung as a Jew' (SNK Archive nr.137). He said he had originally intended to use the proceeds of the sale to escape to England. This plan was unsuccessful, however, and Busch and his wife ended up in Westerbork camp. In 1947 Otto Busch asked the SNK for the painting's restitution. He tried to negotiate a price lower than the purchase price of Hfl. 12,500, which he saw as 'fantastically inflated' (SNK Archive nr.137). The SNK replied that if restitution took place the entire purchase price would be payable. Busch answered that he could not pay this sum, and wrote, 'I believe that I shall have to bid a final farewell to the Floris van Schooten' (SNK Archive nr.137). However, Busch evidently also raised the matter with the Netherlands Custodian Office (NBI) some time later. In 1948 the NBI wrote in reply to a letter from Busch that in the event of any restitution of the Floris van Schooten the entire purchase price would be payable. In subsequent years Otto van Busch tried three times to regain ownership of the painting, stating that he was very attached to it. In 1955 he again wrote that he could not agree to the purchase price demanded. In 1964 and 1973, however, he declared his willingness to pay the full amount. He explained that he had been unable to raise the sum of Hfl. 12,5000 after the war, but that he could now do so (SNK Archive nr.137). In 1964 the government inspector for State-owned works of art took the position that 'it is desirable for the painting by Floris van Schooten to remain in the possession of the State. I would strongly object to its sale' (Archive of the Ministry of Education, Arts and Science, OKN nr.52.1). In 1965 the Ministry of Finance informed Busch that his request to buy back the painting could not be granted, the main reason being that Busch had not seized the opportunity to buy it back immediately after the war. In 1973 the Ministry of Finance again adopted the position, in its recommendations to the government inspector for State-owned works of art, that there were no grounds for the restitution of the painting by Van Schooten.

Reconstruction origin history

Goreta, R.
Archief SNK nr.863
1930
Benedict & Co., C.
Berlin
ICN inventariskaart; Archief SNK nr.137
1930
1943
Busch, O.H.
Amsterdam (2)
ICN inventariskaart; Archief SNK nr.137, 388, 770, 863; Archief OCenW OKN nr.52.1
Nederburgh, S.C.H.
Amsterdam (2)
Archief SNK nr.137
1943
1943
Looy, J.
Amsterdam (2)
Looy was probably acting for someone else.
ICN inventariskaart; Archief SNK nr.137, 388
1943
Staatliche Gemälde Galerie Dresden
Dresden
The order of the German buyers is unclear.
Archief SNK nr.770
Göpel, E.
The Hague
Archief SNK nr.863
Posse, H.
Linz
Archief SNK nr.388
Führermuseum
Linz
Archief SNK nr.770, 863
Hitler, A.
ICN inventariskaart; Archief SNK nr.388, 863

Declaration

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